Consolat Del Mar – The Customs of the Sea – Awash
ACI COMENCEN LES BONES COSTUMES DE LA MAR
Here Commence the Good Customs of the Sea
In Old Catalan, ‘sea’ can be masculine or feminine
AQUESTS SON LOS BONS STABLIMENTS E LES BONES COSTUMES, QUE SON DE FET DE MAR, QUE LOS SAVIS HOMENS, QUI VAN PER LO MON, NE COMENCARAN A DONAR ALS NOSTRES ANTECESSORS; LOS QUALS FAEREN PER LOS LIBRES DE LA SAVIETAT DE LOS BONES COSTUMES.
These are the good constitutions and the good customs which regard matters of the sea, which wise men who travelled over the world communicated to our predecessors, who composed therewith books of the science of Good Customs.
Politeness comes to be irrelevant when there is confidence. When mutuality is lacking, customary behaviour makes up the bulk of an exchange. A generational divide can be summed up with the claim that “It is very fashionable to criticize the government”.
ON D’AQUI AVANT PODEM TROBAR. QUE DEU SENYOR DE NAU FER A MERCADERS E A MARINER E A PELEGRI O A ALTRE HOME QUE VAJE EN LA NAU, E ENCARA QUAL COSA DEIA FER MERCADER A SENYOR DE NAU, E MARINER AL SENYOR DE NAU O DEL LENY, E PELEGRI ATRASSI.
In what follows we shall find laid down the duties which the managing owner of a ship owes to the merchants and to the mariners and to the passengers, and to the other persons who are on board the ship, and likewise the duties which the merchant and the mariner and the passenger also owe to the managing owner.
No-one leaves home without an audience. Waking from a dream in which, returning from travels, I found neither friends nor family able to recognise me, I decided to make preparations to leave those with whom I was currently venturing- colleagues, lovers and competitors- and salvage the remaining goodwill of my hometown.
CON PELEGRI ES DIT TOT HOME QUI DEIÁ DONAR NOLIT DE LA SUA PERSONA SENS SA MERCADERIA.
The term passenger includes all who ought to pay freight for their persons apart from their merchandise
You are told that he who travels alone travels fastest, and he who walks with his house on his head is heaven.
COMENCEM. COM LO SENYOR DE LE NAU O DEL LENY COMENCARA DE FER LA NAU E VOLRA FER PARTS, ELLE DEU DIR E FER ENTENENT ALS PERSONERS, DE QUANTES PARTS LA FARA, E DE QUIN GRAN, E QUANT HAURA EN PLA, E QUANT HAURA EN SENTINA, ET QUANT OBRIRA, E QUANT HAURA PER CARENA.
Let us commence. When the managing owner of a ship or vessel undertakes to construct a ship, and wishes to share it with others, he ought to explain and make intelligible to the part-owners into how many shares he intends to divide it, and of what size it is to be, and what tonnage it is to have, and what depth in the hold, and what beam and length of keel.
More easily started than ended, wars resemble journeys when the reason for starting is not fear but pride, feeling the need to explain oneself to no-one at the outset. Each conversation starts with your hometown. Very soon, you are expected to show that you know the population, size and temperament of the people- not of the place where you are from, but where you now have found yourself.